The Science Behind Wrinkles

Wrinkles are primarily caused by damage to the proteins in your skin responsible for its elasticity. The key protein here is elastin. Over time, to can be damaged by free radicals and UV radiation, leading to the formation of wrinkles.


What Are Free Radicals?

Free radicals are highly reactive oxygen molecules that can damage proteins and DNA in your skin. This damage can lead to skin cancers and the breakdown of elastin, resulting in wrinkles. Free radicals are neutralized by antioxidants, making them a crucial component in any anti-aging skin care regimen.

The Role of Antioxidants

Antioxidants can be applied topically or ingested through a diet rich in fruits, berries, and dark-colored vegetables. Common antioxidants include vitamins C and E, and Alpha Hydroxy Acid (AHA). While these compounds won’t reverse existing wrinkles, they can slow down their formation.

Topical Antioxidants

  • Vitamin C: Known for its ability to boost collagen production and reduce the appearance of fine lines.
  • Vitamin E: Helps in repairing and protecting the skin from further damage.
  • Alpha Hydroxy Acid (AHA): Exfoliates the skin, promoting the growth of new, healthier skin cells.

Dietary Antioxidants

A diet high in antioxidants is essential for maintaining youthful skin. Foods rich in antioxidants include:

  • Berries: Blueberries, strawberries, and raspberries.
  • Dark-colored vegetables: Spinach, kale, and broccoli.
  • Fruits: Oranges, grapes, and apples.

Reducing Free Radical Exposure